A stark set of infographics breaks down what we know about government censorship of the Internet.
Egypt‘s Internet may be back on, but that country’s weeklong web blackout was a wake-up call to the rest of the world about just how fragile the intertubes really are. Ars Technica has a detailed technical breakdown of how Internet “kill switches” work– in Egypt’s case, it was basically just a matter of cracking down on the country’s four major ISPs — but for an at-a-glance visual distillation of the who/what/why of web censorship, it’s hard to beat this sobering set of info graphics.First, who’s doing it? The above map, based on data from the press-freedom watchdogs at Reporters Without Borders, paints a grim picture: Almost all of the industrialized “first world” Internet is moderately to pervasively censored by government authorities. There are obvious and practical reasons for having some online surveillance, but the fact that only countries like Mongolia and Madagascar have a completely open web is rather shocking to see illustrated so starkly.
After a strong start, the infographics are interesting but a bit shaky, as seen in the chart above. Using circles to compare data is tricky enough to do correctly (see example #6 here), but even assuming their geometry is correct, the percentages are a bit tricky. Here, we seem to be talking about percentages of the entire universe of censored items. This, it’s not that 20% of all blogs in existence actually being censored, but rather than blogs make up 20% of all censored content. It probably would have been better to show all those dots as pieces of a whole.And here a Venn diagram lends visual legitimacy to three types of censorship that are hard, in practice, to ever disentangle from one another. There’s lots of insight contained in here, but let’s not forget that censoring to maintain “social values” is basically a buzzword for political propaganda. (The ONI’s own interactive censorship visualizations, while not as pretty, are probably more informative.)
That said, there’s no harm in whipping together a pretty-darn-good visual snapshot of the state of global web censorship while the subject happens to be hot in people’s Twitter feeds. So bravo, Yuxiyou.net! Next time, let’s get more info on sources after you’re done with Adobe Illustrator.
- Partners in Crime: The Media and Its Censorship (socyberty.com)
- 2010 Trend Watch Update: Global Internet Censorship (eff.org)
- Internet Access Blockouts Costly and Futile (onecoolsitebloggingtips.com)
- Egypt’s Internet Blackout Highlights Danger of Weak Links, Usefulness of Quick Links (eff.org)
- As 2011 Begins, Censorship Still Opposes Internet Openness (ostatic.com)
- Boris Loukanov: Operation Payback – Anonymous Message About ACTA Laws, Internet Censorship and Copyright (borisloukanov.tumblr.com)
- Oregon Senator Stops Internet Censorship Bill (yro.slashdot.org)
- Governments worldwide censor Web content: study (physorg.com)
- US Has Lost All Moral High Ground On Internet Censorship (techdirt.com)
- China: Censorship instructions in January 2011 (advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org)